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Nigeria, Iraq Drive OPEC Oil Production Surge in May



Nigeria,Iraq Drive OPEC Oil Production Surge in May

Nigeria,Iraq Drive OPEC Oil Production Surge in May

Oil production figures from Nigeria and Iraq have significantly boosted OPEC’s total output for May, exceeding the implied monthly target by approximately 250,000 barrels per day (BPD). According to a Reuters report, both Nigeria and Iraq increased their production by 50,000 BPD each, while other member countries like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates also contributed to the rise. This surge in production underscores the ongoing influence of these key players within the global oil market.

A survey, which compiled data from shipping logs and industry sources, revealed that OPEC member countries collectively pumped 26.63 million BPD in May 2024. This marks an increase of 145,000 BPD compared to April’s output and significantly surpasses the target set for the nine members covered by supply cut agreements by 250,000 BPD.

Nigeria’s Steady Rise in Oil Production

Nigeria, which has a designated production quota of 1.5 million BPD, continues to show an upward trend in its oil output. Despite this, it still falls short of the daily production target of 1.78 million BPD set in the 2024 budget. Mele Kyari, the Group Chief Executive Officer of the Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) Limited, highlighted that the country’s oil production volume is nearing 1.7 million BPD. This positive trajectory is crucial for Nigeria as it seeks to stabilize its economy and bolster revenue from its oil sector.

Iraq’s Balancing Act

Iraq, OPEC’s second-largest producer, has also increased its production, contributing significantly to the overall boost. This comes amid the country’s commitment to further cut back production in 2024 to compensate for earlier over-production. Iraq’s efforts to balance its output demonstrate its strategic role within OPEC and its impact on global oil dynamics.

Algeria and Other OPEC Players

Meanwhile, Algeria reduced its output during May due to maintenance activities at its oilfields. Despite this temporary cutback, the overall production figures received additional support from countries like Iran and Venezuela, which have no output cut obligations. These nations continue to play pivotal roles in the global oil supply chain, ensuring stability and responsiveness to market demands.

OPEC+ Production Cuts and Future Plans

OPEC, in collaboration with its allies led by Russia (collectively known as OPEC+), has been implementing production cuts since late 2022. These measures have led to a substantial total output cut of 5.86 million BPD, which represents about 5.7% of global demand. This strategic move is aimed at shoring up the market amidst sluggish demand growth, high interest rates, and increasing production from rival U.S. sources.

Looking ahead, the global oil cartel has agreed to extend these production cuts into 2025. This decision reflects OPEC+’s commitment to maintaining market equilibrium and supporting oil prices in a challenging economic environment. The extension aims to counteract the effects of rising U.S. shale production and other market variables that could potentially destabilize oil prices.

Impact on Global Oil Markets

The recent increases in production from Nigeria and Iraq highlight the dynamic nature of the global oil market and the critical role OPEC plays in regulating supply. The organization’s ability to adjust production levels in response to market conditions is vital for maintaining price stability and ensuring a balanced supply-demand equation.

The May production figures also underscore the importance of compliance among OPEC members with their agreed quotas. While countries like Nigeria are striving to meet their targets, the collective effort of all member nations is essential for the success of OPEC’s strategies.

Challenges and Opportunities Ahead

As OPEC navigates the complexities of the global oil market, it faces both challenges and opportunities. High interest rates and slow demand growth pose significant hurdles, while the rise in U.S. production adds competitive pressure. However, the cooperative efforts of OPEC+ and their ability to adapt to changing market dynamics offer a robust framework for managing these challenges.

Furthermore, geopolitical factors, technological advancements in oil extraction, and environmental considerations will continue to shape the future of global oil production. OPEC’s strategic decisions, including extending production cuts and managing output levels, will play a crucial role in steering the market through these evolving circumstances.

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